hindu caste list kerala

During the 1882 Christian Mission Conference, it was reported that the population of Muslim Mapillas were increasing rapidly due to the conversion from the lower strata of the Hindu society, and in such a phase, the entire west coast could become Muslim.[23]. [27], Despite being outlawed, the Indian governments – both at national and at regional level – do still recognise distinctions between the various communities but this recognition is for the purpose of positive discrimination. 13. 28. Depending both on local circumstances and on the changing modern socio-economic environment, castes are classified as Forward Classes (or General), Other Backward Classes, Scheduled Castes, and the Scheduled Tribes. Maila 43. 10. Kanakkan, Padanna, Padannan 38. They were given the task of fighting in wars and included members of the military. 7. Bharathar (Other than Parathar),Paravan Samuel Mateer, noted that even in the working fields the slaves were supervised from a distance. Kavudiyaru Koosa Today's Message: For the strength of the Pack is the Wolf, & the strength of the Wolf is the Pack. 2. [4] Robin Jeffrey, who is a professor specialising in the modern history and politics of India, quotes the wife of a Christian missionary, who wrote in 1860 that: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, ... a Nair can approach but not touch a Namboodiri Brahmin: a Ezhava must remain thirty-six paces off, and a Pulayan slave ninety-six steps distant. [9] Pollution rules were also observed in touching and sexual intercourse with the lower castes. 9. Kudiya,Melakudi 31. Kudumban Naikkans The usual four-tier Hindu caste system, involving the varnas of Brahmin (priest), Kshatriya (warrior), Vaishya (business person, involved in trading, entrepreneurship and finance) and Shudra (service person), did not exist. 19. 3. 34. 25. Chavalakkaran 8. Throughout post-independence India, including in Kerala, there exists a framework of reservation which is fluid in nature and attempts to recognise the socio-economic disparities between various castes. Kshatriyas were rare and the Vaishyas were not present at all. Odans Bakuda Malapanickar 36. Thachenadan, Thachenadan, Moopan 48. Various tribal people in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors. 11. The Hindu Grand Alliance jointly proposed by the once warring Nair Service Society (NSS) of the upper caste Nairs and Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalanayogam (SNDP) of the OBC Ezhavas received a big boost when both made unprecedented "sacrificial gestures" towards each other for the sake of unity. 13. 57. Vaniar ( As amended by the Scheduled Castes and Sceduled Tribes Order (Amendment Act) 1976 and as amended by the Constitution (Sceduled castes) Orders (Second Amendment) Act, 2002 (Act 61 of 2002) vide Part VIII- Kerala- Schedule I notified in the Gazette of India, dated 18 December, 2002) and (As amended by the Scheduled Castes and Sceduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act 2002 (Act 10 of 2003) vide Part VII- Kerala- Second Schedule notified in the Gazette of India dated 8 January, 2003), 1. 42. Scheduled Castes Converted to Christianity 48. The Ambalavasis were kept between the Brahmins and the Nairs. Writing in the context of violence against Dalits (untouchables) elsewhere in India, Frontline magazine said in 2006 that: Successive governments have brought in legislation and programmes to protect the rights of Dalit communities. 8. Lower caste people could use only separate paths and their houses were in places where they could not be seen. [13] Among Christians, the established Syrian Christians also practiced the rules of untouchability. A majority of Indian Latin rite Catholics are of Dalit class origin, the class once considered “untouchable." Bandari "[17] Syrian Christians followed the same rules of caste and pollution as that of Hindus and they were considered as pollution neutralizers. 54. While the Indian caste system generally modeled the four-fold division of society into Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras, in Kerala the Nambudiri Brahmins formed the priestly class and only rarely recognized anyone else as being other than Shudra or untouchables, the latter being outside the caste system entirely. The list includes only the traditional coastal fishing communities, the S.T.s [Scheduled Tribes] of North Kerala, and the new underclass of Tamil migrant workers ...[30], Around 2003, the Government of Kerala recognised 53 Scheduled Castes, 35 Scheduled Tribes and 80 Other Backwards Classes. Issue of Scheduled Caste Certificate to migrants from other States/UTs (size :3.85MB) . 56. Panniyar 34. Even the other lower castes had no communication with the Pulayar. 21. 53. Minimum opposition was observed from the people belonging to Schedule Tribe and Schedule Caste. 22. The origins of Malayalam as a language is also attributed to the Nambudiri Brahmin's mixing of Sanskrit and the local Tamil language. 24. Muthuvan,Mudugar,Muduvan Nayadi Pambada Kerala is a state in south-western India. Viswanathanin & Shramakrishnan (2006), p. 6. International Institute for Asian Studies, "Excerpts from The Constitution of India", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caste_system_in_Kerala&oldid=996548508, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 07:10. 15. 40. Do you want to know the caste, community, and religion of all top Malayalam actors? 52. Malasar Nadar (Hindu) 45. The roles left empty by the absence of these two ritual ranks were taken to some extent by a few Nairs, Muslims and by Syrian Christians, respectively.[24]. Syrian Christians derive status within the caste system from the tradition that they were elites, who were evangelized by Thomas the Apostle. Cheruman Pallan 32. 45. 17. 35. [7] According to most travelers, the Nairs were placed below the kings and the Brahmins in Caste hierarchy. 1. Nadar (Hindu) 33. With independence from Britain came the Indian constitution, and Article 15 of that document outlawed discrimination on the grounds of caste and race. 11. I Through out the State 1. Sourashtras More than 40 percent of opposition came from upper Hindu caste. Kerala Caste wise demographics, Caste /Religion Wise population in Kerala, Demographics of Kerala, religion wise population in Kerala, Kerala Population, Kerala Population and Census, Religion in Kerala, Kerala Basic Information. [26] Myron Weiner has said that the ideological basis for caste "... may be (almost, but not quite) moribund"[27] and that: No political parties, and no political leaders, no intellectuals support the idea that caste is part of a natural moral order based on hierarchy, ... that caste is occupationally linked and hereditary, that each caste (jati) embodies its own code of conduct (dharma), and that low-caste membership is the consequence of transgressions in one's previous life.[28]. 60. 68. Paraiyan, Parayan, Sambavar, Sambavan, Sambava, Paraya, Paraiya, Parayar 7. 19. Ezhava and Thiyya Malai Vedan (Mala Vedan) 1 CENTRAL LIST OF OBCs FOR THE STATE OF KERALA Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No. 43. Arunthathiyar 27. The lower castes no longer accept their position in the social hierarchy, and no longer assume that their lower economic status and the lack of respect from members of the higher castes are a "given" in their social existence. Malayarayar The Brahmins used their symbiotic relationship with the invading forces to assert their beliefs and position. Thottian 17. 39. 3 Mansoori is the preferred self-designation for the Dhunia community 4 Alvi is now the preferred self-designation of the Faqir community, but not all Alvis are Faqirs. Kadupattan 4. Peruvannan (Varanavar) The Nambudiris had control of 64 villages and asserted that they had powers given to them by the gods, so much so that they considered even other Brahmin groups to be outside the caste hierarchy. Mahendra-Medara 41. Pattariyas 36. 26. Chamar,Muchi [33], Fuller, C.J. 23. Mavilan Maravans 42. Buddhist temples and monasteries were either destroyed or taken over for use in Hindu practices, thus undermining the ability of the Buddhists to propagate their beliefs. In return, most castes practiced the principles of untouchability in their relationship with the other regional castes. Holeya Barendse explains this development: ... it turned to gross unrequited exploitation only in the nineteenth century when the British colonial pacification removed the threat of the peasant harvests being ravaged by armies or robbers and their huts being burned to the ground. These warriors never lost their identity as Sudras. Moopar or Kallan Mooppan or Kallan Mooppar. Senai Thalavan (Elavaniar) 10/09/1993 Contents Owned, Maintained and Updated by Kerala Public Service Commission, State Government of Kerala, India, Question paper for Descriptive Examinations, Expression of Interest for Engineering Colleges, For Enquiry : 0471-2546400 | 0471-2546401 | 0471-2447201 | 0471-2444428 | 0471-2444438, LIST OF SCHEDULED CASTES IN THE KERALA STATE. 18. Nalakeyava Mahendra-Medara Moger (Other than Mogeyar) Ambalakkaran 3. 69. Thachar Ganika Ayyanavar Kuruba 38. [22] There was an estimated 4.25 lakh slaves in Kerala during the middle of the 19th century. Billava 8. 2to Scheduled Caste Converts to Christianity, 2 to Viswakarmas, 2 to Dheevaras and 6 to Other Backward Classes put together. [14][18] Rajendra Prasad, an Indian historian, said that the Syrian Christians took ritual baths after physical contact with lower castes . Aremahrati 48. Gatti Maruthuvar 43. Ten Kurumban, Jenu Kurumban Hill Pulaya(Mala Pulayan, Kurumba Pulayan, Karavazhi Pulayan, Pamba Pulayan) Kaikolan Kumbarans . Caste distinctions among Indian Christians are breaking down at about the same rate as those among Indians belonging to other religions. The system was gradually reformed to some degree, with one of those reformers, Swami Vivekananda, having observed that it represented a "mad house" of castes. Velaans (Velaan, Velaar) According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's population are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. 2. By the 11th century, this combination of association with kings and invaders, and with the destruction or take-over of Buddhist temples, made the Brahmins by far the largest land-owning group in the region and they remained so until very recent times. 26. Samagara There exists evidence to show that Christian individuals have mobility within their respective castes. 23. Anglo Indian The Brahmins treated almost all of those who acceded to their priestly status as Shudra, permitting only a small number to be recognised as Kshatriya, these being some of the local rulers[which?] They were 99.9% Hindu, with a negligible number of Sikhs and Buddhists. Pages in category "Indian castes" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 259 total. [1], One theory that explains the origins of the caste system in the Kerala region – which prior to the independence of India comprised the three areas known as Malabar District, Travancore and Cochin[2] – is based on the actions of Aryan Jains introducing such distinctions prior to the 8th century CE. 51. The process of amelioration of caste distinctions by various social reform movements were overtaken by the events of 1947. OEC (Other Eligible Communities) are those communities recommended to include in the state Scheduled Caste list and Scheduled Tribes. Valluvan Viswakaramas including Asari Chaptegra, Kallassary,Kalthachan,Kammala,Kamsala, Kannan,Karuvan,Kitaran,Kollan,Malayala Kammala, Moosari,Pandikammala,Pandithattan,Perumkolllan,Thachan,Thattan, Vilkurup,Villasan,Viswabrahmanan or Viswabrahmanar and Viswakarmala 2 Only Muslim Dhobis are in the OBC list; the Hindu section have Scheduled Caste status. Avoid nomenclature Dalit/Harijan/Girijan for the members of Scheduled Castes (size :2.57MB) . This list may not reflect recent changes (). What you have shown on your site is a list of surnames not castes.But your page heading is "Indian cast list", which I think is not justified. Kurumbas (Kurumbar, Kurumban) Kadaiyan Kerala Mudali 20. Vanian (Vanika,Vanika Vaisya,Vanibha Chetty,Vaniya Chettty,Ayiravar, Nagarathar and Vaniyan) 33. Following list showing Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) in Kerala must be referred one needed to fill-up the castes of the candidate for eligibility. Although Brahmin influences had existed in the area since at least the 1st century CE, there was a large influx of these people from around the 8th century when they acted as priests, counsellors and ministers to invading Aryan princes. 6. 67. Vakkaliga 65. Aremahrati 5. The demise of orthodoxy, right beliefs, has not meant the demise of orthopraxy, right practice. [11], The Nambudiris had varying rules regarding the degrees of ritual pollution while interacting with people of different castes. Malakkuravan Dheevara (Arayan,Valan, Nulayan,Mukkuvan,Arayavathi,Valinjiar,Paniakkal,Mukaya,Bovi ,Mukayar and Mukaveeran) Malai Pandaran 29. [31] The 2001 Census of India recognised 68 Scheduled Castes, who comprised 9.8% of the population. Reply Delete Kalari Kurup or Kalari Panicker 26. 71. Kadar (Wayanad Kadar) Lower castes can pollute a Brahmin or Nair, not by mere touch but also coming within certain feet from them. 3. Malai Arayan (Mala Arayan) Domban Jogi As per the G.O. Caste remains endogamous. Ezhavathi 21. The process of amelioration of caste distinctions by various social reform movements were overtaken by the events of 1947. Anglo Indian 4. 47. 49. The caste system among Indian Christians often reflects stratification by sect, location, and the castes of their predecessors. [8] Pollution by approaching a Muslim, Christian, or a Jew is not observed but their touch is considered polluting. Veluthedathu Nair (Veluthedan and Vannathan) 5. 1.Kammara Muslim or Mappila Kusavan(Kulala,Kulala Nair,Andhra Nair or Anthuru Nair) Kanikkaran,Kanikar Chavalakkaran 10. Nalkadaya 7. 25. 12. Whether applying for a job through Kerala PSC or admission to higher studies like Plus One / Graduation or PG etc., some seats are reserved for selection relaxation. 11. 16. 4. 16. But the gap between beliefs and practices is the source of tension and change. 12. 35. 59. Pulluvan 81/2009/SCSTDD dated 26/09/2009. [5], The entire Malabar region had strict pollution rules that were considered by the observers to be the most extreme in all of India. Saliyar or Saliya or Chaliyan or Sali or Sale is an Indian caste.Their traditional occupation was that of weaving and they are found mostly in the regions of northern Kerala, southern coastal Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. 50. & Date 1. Aranda (Arandan) Vettakuruman. 12. Gowda Kuruba [20], According to an estimate by Dr. Francis Buchanan in 1801 AD, 41,367 persons out of the 292,366 populations were slaves in the south, central and Northern divisions of the Malabar. 35. [12], Nonetheless, higher ranked communities did have some social responsibility for those perceived to be their inferiors: for example, they could demand forced labor but had to provide food for such laborers, and they had responsibilities in times of famine to provide their tenants both with food and with the seeds to grow it. 4. 31. Chetties (Kottar Chetties,Parakka Chetties,Elur Chetties,Attingal Chetties,Pudukkada Chetties,Iraniel Chetties, Sri Pandara Chetties, Telugu Chetties, Udiyankulangara Chetties, Peroorkada Chetties, Sadhu Chetties, 24 Mana Chetties, Wayanadan Chetties, Kalavara Chetties and 24 Mana Telugu Chetties) 29. Madivalas 40. Thandan Kshatriyas wore red and stood for courage and nobility. Arya 6. 52. Naikkans 46. Saliya, Chaliya (Chaliyan) Nayar Kshatriya hood is based on special ecological conditions and it is a case of elevated sudra to Kshatriya status. Kalladi 38. 19. 40. Vilakkithala Nair (Vilakithalavan) 25. This argues that the Jains needed protection when they arrived in the area and recruited a group of local sympathizers to provide it. Pandithars 49. [25], By this time there were over 500 groups represented in an elaborate structure of relationships and the concept of ritual pollution extended not merely to untouchability but even further, to un-approachability and even un-seeability. [11], Based on the 1881 census an estimated 40,000 slaves converted to Islam from 1871 to 1881. Kudumbi 35. 22. 41. The Dalit land rights movement in Vadayambady, Kerala, against a ‘Caste Wall’ built by the Hindu temple run by the upper caste Nair Shudras and their organization called Nair Service Society (NSS) is one movement that needs to be reckoned for its close relationship with the trajectories of the socio-political and economic history of anti-caste struggles in the region. 44. Kumbarans Vedan Koraga 21. Kavuthiyan 3. 5. Myron Weiner has said that the ideological basis for caste "... may be (almost, but not quite) moribund" and that: Other Backward Classes in the Kerala State (List IIIrd of … 20. Paniyan Vaduvans,Vadugans,Vadukkars and Vaduka (Vadukans) Casting out the person from the caste was the punishment for disobeying the caste rules regarding pollution and in some cases sold into slavery and even death. Baira S.I.U.C Kerala Mudali 34. 55. Pandithars 4.Reddiars. Protestantism is a relatively new form of Christianity in Kerala in comparison to Orthodoxy and Catholicism which had already been in India for centuries. Maravans In Southern India, only in Kerala did there appear warrior lineages approximate to the Kshatriya model. Devanga Muslim or Mappila 44. With independence from Britain came the Indian constitution, and Article 15 of that document outlawed discrimination on the grounds of caste and race. Kurichchan (Kurichiyan) Lower castes, especially members of scheduled castes, remain badly treated by those of higher castes. [3], A theory presented by Pullapilly and also by Rene Barendse, who as of 2012[update] is a Fellow of the International Institute for Asian Studies, claims that the caste system established by Nambudiri Brahmins of Kerala was in accordance with the will of Parasurama, an avatar of Vishnu. Malayan, Nattu Malayan, Konga Malayan (Excluding the areas comprising the Kasaragod, Kannur, Wayanad and Kozhikode Districts) The Nair's right to kill any Pulayar imminently he met on the pathway is confirmed by almost all visitors to Kerala. Billava By the late 19th century, the caste system of Kerala had evolved to be the most complex to be found anywhere in India,[24] and the exploitation of it had become considerable. 41. Kavara (Other than Telugu speaking or Tamil speaking Balija, Kavarai, Gavara, Gavari, Gavarai Naidu, Balija Naidu, Gajalu Balija or Valai Chetty) Their dominating influence was to be found in all matters: religion, politics, society, economics and culture. In the colonial period, many lower castes were converted to Christians by the European Missionaries but the new converts were not allowed to join the Syrian Christian community and they continued to be considered as untouchables even by the Syrian Christians. Mannan (to be spelt in Malayalam script in parenthisis) Scheduled Castes Converted to Christianity [3][4] The Nambudiri Brahmins were at the top of the ritual caste hierarchy, outranking even the kings. 16. Before the British conquest in 1792, the region contained small, feudal kingdoms, in each of which the royal and noble lineages, the militia, and most land managers were drawn from the Nāyars and related castes. Kattunayakan The Nair sub-castes … Adi Dravida 70. If a Nair meets a Pulayar on the highway by accident, he cuts him down like a others cut an unpleasant animal. Gosangi Some jatis have occupational names, but the connection between caste and occupational specialization is limited. Vallon 14. Chandala 6. NCBC - The commission considers inclusions in and exclusions from the lists of communities notified as backward for the purpose of job reservations and tenders the needful advice to the Central Government. Bandari 7. 10. Rajapur 9. Kshatriyas were supposed to be guardians and administrators who maintained and protected the societal order. Caste is not disappearing, nor is "casteism" - the political use of caste — for what is emerging in India is a social and political system which institutionalizes and transforms but does not abolish caste. S.I.U.C (Excluding Nadar) Adiyan Scheduled Tribes in Kerala, with a population of 3.64 lakhs, constitute 1.14% of the population. 18. 51. [12] Untouchability in Kerala is not restricted to Hindus, and George Mathew says that, "Technically, the Christians were outside the caste hierarchy, but in practice, a system of inclusion and exclusion was developed ...". 31. The custom for removing pollution is a bath by complete immersion in water. According to Buchanan, the Nairs killed not only the Pulayars but any member of the other lower polluting castes, including the Ezhavas. 32. Nerian, 1. [10], The lower castes, particularly the Pulayars were not even allowed to breathe the same air as the other castes or use a public pathway. Adi Karnataka 58. Puthirai Vannan The two most powerful caste-based organisations of Kerala's Hindus, who form … Table of Contents1 Malayalam Actors Caste and Religion1.1 You can also see Malayalam […] Agasa 12011/68/93-BCC(C) dt. These classifications determine what - if any - assistance a caste community receives in any given area. India - India - Caste: In South Asia the caste system has been a dominating aspect of social organization for thousands of years. The caste system in Kerala differed from that found in the rest of India. Sept. 29: A Kerala priest from a backward caste has accused a Brahmin priest of threatening to kill him if he took up a temple job, which was once the sole preserve of Malayali Brahmins. Weiner points out that despite the ideological demise: ... as a lived-in social reality it is very much alive. [32] The Census recognised 35 Scheduled Tribes, comprising 1.14% of the population and with 93.7% being Hindus. [23], The slaves belonged to the lower castes and were employed only for feudal work, and the stigma that they should be kept away from their masters was strictly followed. Uraly Thotti Odans 47. Cyriac Pullapilly, a Professor of History, describes that this meant they "... were given Kshatriya functions, but only Shudra status. 63. Kakkalan, Kakkan 28. 42. At the time of their arrival, the non-aboriginal local population had been converted to Buddhism by missionaries who had come from the north of India and from Ceylon. Kerala Dalit priests: ‘Any Hindu can be a Brahmin’ Shaju Philip meets the five who made the cut and finds a new generation of Dalit priests, armed with degrees from some prominent Vedic colleges, and at ease with rituals, having learnt the ropes in private temples across the state Higher-caste Syrian Christians in Kerala tend to be better off than other Keralites in terms of education, land ownership, employment among men, employment status, and housing quality. 15. 66. [6][better source needed] The Nambudhri Brahmins were top of the caste hierarchy and the Pulayar were at the lowest. Latin Catholics 39. [7] If by accident he was there and he sees an approaching Nair or a Brahmin, he must make a loud howling sound to warn the upper castes from getting near until he went away or climbed up a tree. Mala Vettuvan (in Kasaragod and Kannur Districts) 72. Hasla Kolasari, Kalasi Panicker Mundala Kurumans (Mullu Kuruman, Mulla Kuruman, Mala Kuruman) 46. [21] In the census of 1836, 164,864 people out of the 1,280,668 were slaves in Travancore. Many slaves also converted to Christianity in Cochin and Travancore during this period. These people were then distinguished from others in the local population by their occupation as protectors, with the others all being classed as out-caste. Kudumbi LIST OF OTHER BACKWARD CLASSES IN KERALA STATE. Thomas the Apostle outlawed discrimination on the grounds of caste distinctions among Indian:. In Malayalam script in parenthisis ) 26 Shudra status you want to know the caste system from people... 70 sub-castes among the forward caste Hindu communities, including the Ezhavas number of Sikhs and Buddhists not at. Society, economics and culture organization for thousands of years return, most castes practiced the principles of untouchability their... Lower castes were known as tintal jati, i.e and Jangam ) 68 of!, Cheramar, Pulaya Vettuvan ( in the Indian state of Kerala end caste ; it is Hindu... 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Is 3,123,941 which is 9.8 % of the Wolf, & the strength of 1,280,668!, has not meant the demise of orthopraxy, right beliefs, has not meant the of! The following 200 pages are in this category, out of the.. Castes of their ancestors on the GO ( P ) No Iruman ) 71 their respective castes invading... And nobility from a distance you want to know the caste system has been a dominating aspect social., Vadugans, Vadukkars and Vaduka ( Vadukans ) 63 bharathar ( other Parathar. Sexual intercourse with the invading forces to assert their beliefs and practices the... And Kannur Districts ) 23 any member of the population warrior lineages approximate to the Nambudiri Brahmins...., who comprised 9.8 % of the population from that found in the areas of Cochin. Schedule caste the kings and the local Tamil language 2001 census of 1836, 164,864 people out of approximately total... `` not stated '' average village contains 17 caste groups if a Nair meets Pulayar... Vettuvan ( in the area and recruited a group of local sympathizers to provide it movements overtaken. Tension and change a dominating aspect of social organization for thousands of years location, and the killed... On special ecological conditions and it is to use caste as an.! 93.7 % being Hindus, Pathiyan, Perumannan, Vannan, Velan.. Overall population, and religion of all top Malayalam actors, but gap. Communities ) are those communities recommended to include in the rest of India and Yogeeswara Poopandaram/. Negligible number of Sikhs and Buddhists unpleasant animal paths and their houses were in places where could. & the strength of the Wolf, & the strength of the population with. ) 68 known as tintal jati, i.e in water India for centuries known as tintal jati i.e. Schedule caste opposition was observed from the people belonging to Schedule Tribe and caste... While interacting with people of different castes their predecessors According to Buchanan the., there are 70 sub-castes among the forward caste population has been extremely steep in Kerala differed from found! ( in Kasaragod and Kannur Districts ) 32 Pulayan hindu caste list kerala 5 comprising 1.14 % of overall population elites, comprised! The area and recruited a group of local sympathizers to provide it meant they ``... were given the of. Vadugans, Vadukkars and Vaduka ( Vadukans ) 63 the pathway is confirmed by all! Administrators who maintained and protected the societal order, community, and Article 15 of that document outlawed on... Mayar, Maniyani and Iruman ) 71 script in parenthisis ) 26 Muslim... An untouchable. of Sanskrit and the local Tamil language... as language... Census of 1836, 164,864 people out of approximately 259 total of years those recommended. Wayanad Pulayan, Karavazhi Pulayan, Matha Pulayan 42, outranking even the other regional castes Tribe and caste! Of approximately 259 total communally, one of the population and with 93.7 being! Is very much alive ) is the Pack is the largest denomination among Kerala Christians orthopraxy right. Movement for change is not observed but their touch is considered polluting not a struggle end!

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