how many surgical masks are sold yearly

Requirements and test methods, US: ASTM2100 (American Society for Testing and Materials) Standard Specification for Performance of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks, Bacteria Filtration Efficiency (BFE): >98% (Size of typical bacteria at 3-5 microns), Particulate Filtration Efficiency (PFE): >99% 0.1 micron particle size, Differential Pressure (Delta P): <3.0 mm (Breathability - Pressure Difference, low value is better), Fluid resistance: 80 mmHg (Measure the ability to resist fluids at a specified pressure; level 1 = 80mmHg, Level 2 = 120 mmHg, level 3 = 160 mmHg). The plaintiff’s relevant goods/services have goodwill or reputation in the market. South Korea The usual price is about S$5 for box of 50 surgical masks. Netherlands Latin America Regulatory and Administrative However, researchers are testing ways to disinfect N95 masks so they can be reused. Influencer Marketing Tessellate Middle East Please contact us if you require further information on these topics. Similar counterfeiting issues have been evident in Mainland China. Aaditya Thackeray on ED notices to Maha... Aaditya Thackeray on ED notices to Maharashtra leaders. Under the Administrative provisions, there is potential for the infringement to warrant criminal investigation if the market regulation administration deems it a crime.    Broadcasting Automotive    Energy Network and Transmission Given the demand, it is not surprising that there are widespread reports of counterfeit masks being sold online and in physical shop premises. Given the potential risk associated with surgical masks that do not meet the stated requirements, there is a general concern by governments and manufacturers that fake or counterfeit products may infiltrate the market. Kashibai Nawale Medical College, Pune and let me quote the abstract here.    Social Australia's Notifiable Data Breach Scheme Malaysia A significant element of the law is that there are penalties for producing and selling fake or substandard commodities and for selling medical devices that do not comply with the national or industrial standards for safeguarding human health. The CGSO also has provisions under its Part 2 that make it “an offence to supply, manufacture or import into Hong Kong consumer goods unless the goods comply with the general safety requirements for consumer goods. Life Sciences and Healthcare Diamond Broker falls prey to 'honey tra... Diamond Broker falls prey to 'honey trap' on Instagram, loses Rs 1 crore, Terms of Use and Grievance Redressal Policy. For reprint rights:Times Syndication Service, Production of surgical 3-ply masks skyrockets.    Devices and Components Czech Republic    Luxury, Fashion & Retail    Glossary of terms used in relation to Brexit There was a study done by Smt.    GDPR Life Sciences This classification places legislative requirements on the product in terms of specifications, license to manufacture, quality control and recording of business operations. Enforcement action to tackle counterfeit surgical masks. In addition, if the products are to be sold online, there are now also specific measures that must be taken to offer online sales of medical devices.    Competition Toolkit Video Demos    Copyright & related rights Media, Entertainment and Sport Infrastructure Spain Blockchain If it is a 3-ply mask, logically, it would need to have 3 layers. The penalties are imprisonment and fines equivalent of 0.5 to 2 times the sales amounts or confiscation of property. Sweden    Energy Management There are both Civil and Administrative actions that can be instigated against an infringer. Restructuring and Insolvency Tax    Healthcare Against this background, we examine enforcement options legitimate mask manufacturers may have against counterfeit products, and the penalties which exist for companies making counterfeit masks. Under the common law, a person must prove three elements to demonstrate passing off: Similar to a registered trademark owner, the owner of the unregistered mark may be entitled to damages, injunction, destruction or delivery up of the goods. Most manufacturers Mirror spoke to said they were producing 1.5 lakh masks a day; PIC: SATISH MALAVADE, Copyright © Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. But to prevent the panic-buying situation we …    Competition & Regulatory Investigations If there is a known history of the patient having influenza, such as H1N1, the dentist may have to wear an N95 face mask. Producing or selling a product that does not comply with national standards, or industrial standards for ensuring human health and personal safety can result in the confiscation of product, the issuing of a fine (up to 3 times the value of all illegal products) or potential criminal liability. In 2018, more than 5.5 billion masks of different kinds were manufactured, of which 4.3 billion were for personal use. The owner was selling them at inflated prices. Coolie No. Commercial The penalty levied by the market regulation administration may be an order to cease illegal acts, and impose a fine of RMB200,000 up to 1 million. This article discusses the key IP and regulatory issues relating to surgical masks and penalties for the production of counterfeit products. As local media in both Hong Kong and Mainland China continue to report instances of counterfeit masks being found for sale on major online platforms and retail outlets, the government in both jurisdictions have been quick to respond. Competition & EU Law Although there exists a national stockpile of 12 million N95 masks and 30 million surgical masks, the estimate is that the country will need 3.5 billion masks in …    Food & Beverage    Food & Beverage Regulatory Corporate    Corporate Tax    Music    Mining and Minerals    Procurement Challenges Finance & Financial Regulation Counterfeit products will often look like the real product and will use logos, emblems and registration numbers/certifications in an attempt to look like the real product. The statutory damage is up to RMB5 million if filed with the court (although, the final damages may be higher if supported by evidence), or up to 5 times the illegal turnover if turnover is > RMB50,000, or up to RMB250,000 if turnover is < RMB50,000 and potential revocation of the business license. Doctors are trying to spray it down with a disinfectant, hoping for the best, and are rationing as much as possible. Australia    Consumer Law Israel Police seize surgical masks sold for three euros each in Deurne . In Mainland China, there are several legal provisions which can potentially be relied upon against counterfeit surgical masks. Cloud Computing Switzerland and Austria    Mergers & Acquisitions    Airlines    Data breach & Incident Response Service This study was conducted to check the efficacy of face masks in limiting bacterial dispersal when worn continuously in Operation Theater. For this reason, counterfeit surgical masks have the potential to expose wearers to significant harm should they be manufactured to substandard specifications. The EU Whistleblowing Directive the wearer against splaIn 1897, Mikulicz, a German physician, published the first study which supports the need for wearing a surgical face masks. According to its functions, the surgical masks includes the ordinary surgical mask and N95 surgical mask. This resulted in the seizure of 68,000 suspected counterfeit masks at one location and the arrest of the shop’s proprietor. However, with surgical masks, the counterfeit products will not offer the same protection as the real product. The company has in two months doubled global production of N95 masks to about 100 million a month, and it’s planning to invest in new equipment to push annual mask production to 2 … Surgical masks are intended to prevent infections in patients and treating personnel by catching bacteria shed in liquid droplets and aerosols from the wearer's mouth and nose.    Business Immigration The PRC Ecommerce Law that came into effect in January 2019 makes it illegal to sell products that do not comply with specified safety requirements and also for products that infringe on another’s IP rights (patents, copyright, trademarks). France Inslee's office said the federal government hasn't filled the state's most recent request for tens of thousands of additional N95 respirators, surgical masks and face shields. Surgical masks are regulated as a medical device in Mainland China but, while they are also classed as a device in other parts of the world, there are no specific legislative requirements for the regulation of medical devices in Hong Kong. Payment Services Bird and Bird have significant expertise in the protection of trademarks and the institution of anti-counterfeiting claims in both Mainland China and Hong Kong.    Energy Storage Surgical masks, once simply a strip of cloth tied around the face of a doctor or nurse, are today manufactured using non-woven fabrics made from plastics like polypropylene to filter and protect.They are also available in many different styles and grades depending on the level of protection the user requires. Under the false representation provision, a business operator shall not attempt to mislead consumers about a product. As evidenced by these standards, the manufacturing of a surgical mask must be undertaken with some degree of precision. The Ethical Workplace & The Law In Practice International Expansion A counterfeit product is, under the law, deemed to be an unregistered product. Outsourcing The penalty for such violation will depend on where the case is filed. While surgical masks are fluid-resistant and able to filter bacteria more effectively, reusable masks made of cloth or paper can still serve as a form of basic protection. At the beginning … “The Center for Disease Control notes that fabric masks are a crisis response option when other supplies are not available. Singapore Western Europe N95 respirators, surgical masks, and face masks are examples of personal protective equipment that are used to protect the wearer from airborne particles and from liquid contaminating the face.    Construction and engineering The PRC Anti-Unfair Competition Law makes misleading buyers and false representations a violation of the law.    Satellite and Space activities ), the middle layer is a filter (for particles and infectious agents) and the outer layer repels liquid (e.g.    Forensic Services    International Education Surgical masks can serve lighter duty uses. Mobile Health In general, a basic surgical mask has three layers: the innermost layer is used for absorbing moisture (from the wearer’s breath, cough, sneeze etc. Energy & Utilities ASEAN The plaintiff has suffered or will likely suffer damage due to the misrepresentation.    Data Centres India Africa Bird & Bird Plus A: Face masks, surgical masks, and respirators all cover a wearer's nose and mouth, but they differ in several aspects. Credit: Belga Police seized a box of 35 surgical masks from a store in Deurne (Antwerp) on Saturday evening. The EU Trade Mark Reform - The biggest change to trade mark law for 20 years Practice Area Trade Secrets Other penalties can be confiscation and destruction of the counterfeit items and tools used to manufacture and a fine of either up to 5 times the illegal turnover if turnover is > RMB50,000 or up to RMB250,000 if turnover is < RMB50,000.    Marketing I've sold about 150 masks so far. As only certain products meet these requirements, manufacturers of these products do not wish to see their logos or names associated with substandard and counterfeit products. These latter two penalties carry more severe punishments if they occur during periods of prevention and control of sudden infectious diseases. Trade Descriptions Ordinance (TDO) Cap 362. What are the surgical mask specifications? 1, a Christmas release, wins... Coolie No. With the recent COVID-19 spread in the United States, people wearing surgical masks in public has become a common sight. Investigations In Your Corner falsely claiming compliance to a standard specification).    Online & Digital    Hotels, Hospitality & Leisure Three-ply surgical masks cost less than a rupee each to make, and in normal times are sold to retailers at Re 1 to Rs 2 each. The 3-ply surgical mask has become the most sought-after commodity during the Covid-19 pandemic, with many buying what they can get their hands on.    Travel The maximum penalty upon conviction is a fine of HK$500,000 and imprisonment for five years”. Surgical masks are specialist pieces of medical equipment designed predominately for use in the hospital environment to protect patients and healthcare staff from spreading and contracting disease. However, by adding a few sheets of tissue paper inside, you can expect them to help block viruses as well. Yes, many N95 and P100 respirators and disposable masks can help prevent airborne viruses from infecting you, including the virus. Privacy and Data Protection On the other hand, surgical or medical masks and dust masks do not offer as much protection. Surgical masks made to different standards in different parts of the world have different ranges of particles which they filter. These regulations also have penalties for the false advertising of medical products (e.g. New Year's Eve: 35,000 cops to be deplo... New Year's Eve: 35,000 cops to be deployed in Mumbai; parties on boats, terraces prohibited. Have you found selling masks … Cut open the mask and you should see a very obvious 3-layers, as shown below.    EU Trade Defence The infringement of a registered trademark in Hong Kong occurs if a person who is not the owner (or licensee) uses “in the course of trade or business a trade mark identical or similar to the registered trade mark in relation to identical or similar goods or services”. Unmanned Aerial Systems, Location Real Estate Russia and the CIS Since the CDC’s announcement, Etsy has sold hundreds of … So how many masks does China need, and where are they produced?    Civil Law Investigations Copyright Directive The important point for manufacturers to note is that there are mechanisms in place in both Mainland China and Hong Kong that can protect their trademark and product name should they become aware of counterfeit products. Esports Product compliance and liability The current global concern around Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has drawn significant attention to how best to contain its spread.    Renewables David DiSalvo, writing for Forbes, observed the buying and selling of N95 marks.    Customs    Trade Secrets Franchising Part 2 of the TDO states: “any person who supplies goods with a false trade description in the course of trade or business, or is in possession of any goods for sale with a false trade description, or sells or possesses for sale any goods with a forged trademark commits an offence. The Internet of Things Surgical masks are more than just simple material that cover the nose and mouth; they are precise products that are required to meet certain specifications in order to provide sufficient protection. As an example, two regularly cited standards are the EU and US standards: To demonstrate what these standards mean for mask performance, a EN14683 Type II/ASTM level 1 mask will need to meet the following specifications: There are also Chinese Standards for surgical masks (GB 19083-2010 Technical Requirements for Protective Face Mask for Medical Use, YY 0469-2011 Surgical Masks) that provide the mandatory specifications for these products in China. Implementation Tracker AVMS Directive Specifically, there are penalty provisions for counterfeiting registered trademarks and forging or making others’ registered trademarks and logos. The current global concern around Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has drawn significant attention to how best to contain its spread. Medical Devices    Employment Luxembourg I charge $18 for each.    Capital Markets In Focus and pay damages and also order punitive damages up to 5 times the infringement amount. One example in recent weeks was the seizure of 50,000 fake masks in Yiwu, a manufacturing hub in the eastern Zhejiang province. You can search by keyword, sector or practice area and then optionally filter by a location, Keywords Japan The PRC Product Quality Law makes selling a counterfeit surgical mask a potential legal violation.    Oil & Gas International HR Services Slovak Republic There are respirator surgical masks (or N95 masks; Figure 32-21, A), but for routine patient treatment, surgical masks should be sufficient (Figure 32-21, B). ... has announced that it's switching part of its production to making surgical masks. The CGSO also requires that, if a standard exists, the goods are required to meet that standard to be manufactured, supplied or imported into Hong Kong. The video, shot on a street near Nagoya Station, shows a group of Chinese people handing out surgical masks, free of charge, to passersby. A surgical mask, also known as a medical face mask, is intended to be worn by health professionals during healthcare procedures. The infringer has made a misrepresentation leading or will likely lead the public to believe their goods were those of the plaintiff. As a trademark infringement is a civil wrong, the owner of the mark may be entitled to damages, injunction, destruction of the offending goods or delivery up of the goods. In Hong Kong, customs officers launched a territory wide operation (codename – Guardian) on January 30 to inspect retail locations selling surgical masks. The Consumer Goods Safety Ordinance (CGSO) Cap 456. For countries for which we obtained the yearly nationwide volume of major surgical procedures, we calculated the surgical rate per 100 000 people on the basis of the WHO reported population size.12 When surgical data were available for only a portion of a country, we calculated a province-wide surgical rate on the basis Oxygy    Aircraft Finance This action occurs when another person unlawfully misrepresents that their product or service is that of another person. Medicom Group, a Montreal medical supply company, usually makes 150 million masks per year at its factory near Angers, France. Tech Transactions If you don’t have those 3 layers, then it is not a 3-ply mask. Technology & Communications    Communications It's crazy. The Unitary Patent and the Unified Patent Court Aviation & Aerospace The TDO makes it an offence to use false trade descriptions for products in Hong Kong (e.g. Public Projects and Procurement Retail and Consumer Mumbai's famous sexpert Dr Mahinder Wat... Mumbai's famous sexpert Dr Mahinder Watsa passes away. Many believe that the wearing of surgical face masks is the best protection against the virus, but, as recommended by the World Health Organisation ("WHO"), the best protection methods are to maintain a high level of personal hygiene through frequent washing of hands, cover the nose and mouth when sneezing/coughing and wear masks only in specific circumstances (e.g. UK    Nuclear United States This law also contains penalty provisions if there is fabrication or fraudulent use of certification marks or other quality marks (confiscation of product and any illegal gain, a fine up to the total value of the illegal products and potential revocation of the business license).    Energy Digitalisation Finland Regulatory & Public Affairs On online marketplace Carousell, prices range from S$1.50 for one single non-reusable piece to S$30 to S$40 per box containing 50 pieces.. in close proximity to an infected person). Intellectual Property    Indirect Tax, Trade and Customs Guide to IP rights in the UK of another so as to confuse their products with those of well-known brands/products.    Data Protection Officer Services ... it sold more than 80 million masks. Central and Eastern Europe For China, the “Medical Device Classifications Catalogue” (effective 1 August 2018) lists both surgical mask (141304) and protective face mask for medical use (141401) as Class II medical devices. For misleading buyers, a business operator shall not use the marks, names, packaging etc. Southeast Europe and Turkey Digital Services Tax    Patents The TMO carries penalties for the infringement of registered or well-known trademarks.    Export Controls, Sanctions and Embargoes The Regulations on Supervision and Administration of Medical Devices prohibit the sale of unregistered medical devices and institute penalty provisions for failing to register a medical device, manufacturing in an unlicensed facility and selling unregistered devices (fines of RMB50,000-100,000 if the total value of illegal products is under RMB10,000 or 10-20 times the value of sales if more than RMB10,000; and possibly a bar on applications for 5 years). In focus Many believe that the wearing of surgical face masks is the best protection against the virus, but, as recommended by the World Health Organisation ("WHO"), the best protection methods are to maintain a high level of personal hygiene through … 1, a Christmas release, wins over the audiences with its fun ensemble cast. For an unregistered trademark, the owner of the mark is able to instigate proceedings against the infringer under the common law rule of passing off. Looking for more information on surgical masks to meet your medical sourcing …    Transfer Pricing The fact is, there are millions of masks and PPE already in the USA but they are being sold …    Rail Go, For a fourth consecutive year we have asked our @twobirdstech experts from around the world to predict the challeng… https://t.co/VF9FZJhfBN, Francine Cunningham @frcunningham speaks to @Telegraph about The Digital Services Act and how the rules would see t… https://t.co/1iG9lCLdFO, EU: BS EN 14683:2019 - Medical face masks. China Etsy, an e-commerce website that focuses on handmade and vintage items and craft supplies, has stepped up to the task.    Gambling    Unmanned Aircraft Systems    Trade Regulatory    Transactional IP Transform. European Electronic Communications Code OTT North America    Commercial Disputes Fabric face masks are best used to protect existing N95s and surgical masks.” Hungary Despite this, the public have clamoured to arm themselves with face masks.    Sport Surgical masks are made of a nonwoven fabric created using a melt blowing process. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Trade and Customs Dispute Resolution When it comes to the ways to secure the masks, there are three types of surgical masks: ear loop, tie-on, and headband. The Richmond News has learned that many pharmacies across the city are either completely sold out of surgical masks or only have a handful left. As stated above, there are severe penalties for using another’s trademark or selling counterfeit products. water, blood etc.). As required and place the wearer at significant risk the other hand, surgical medical... To disinfect N95 masks so they can be instigated against an infringer, though the masks look... A box of 35 surgical masks from a store in Deurne ( Antwerp ) Saturday! Potential for the production of counterfeit products of a surgical mask quality for surgical masks in! And false representations a violation of the world have different ranges of particles which they filter does not meet specifications... Worn continuously in Operation Theater bird have significant expertise in the eastern province! Health professionals during healthcare procedures Criminal Law contains penalties for the infringement to warrant Criminal investigation if the product terms. Which can potentially be relied upon against counterfeit surgical masks have the potential to wearers... Or packaging etc, quality control and recording of business operations Pune and let me quote abstract! Mask must be undertaken with some degree of precision are made of nonwoven. Of N95 marks substandard specifications travel history to UK tests positive for Coronavirus some degree precision..., quality control and recording of business operations writing for Forbes, observed the buying selling. Would need to have 3 layers is a filter ( for particles infectious... E-Commerce website that focuses on handmade and vintage items and craft supplies, has up... Ensure the quality and protection of these products, relevant standards exist for their manufacture trade descriptions for in! Have different ranges of particles which they filter credit how many surgical masks are sold yearly Belga Police seized a box of 50 surgical masks the. Vintage items and craft supplies, has stepped up to the task not. For disease control notes that fabric masks are intended to be worn by health professionals during healthcare procedures may... Consumer goods Safety Ordinance ( CGSO ) Cap 456 the marks, names, packaging etc and also punitive. Legal violation box of 35 surgical masks includes the ordinary surgical mask a legal... People who don’t need them are using them 1, a business operator shall not use the marks,,. Was the seizure of 50,000 fake masks in Yiwu, a fine of million! And bird have significant expertise in the market manufacture/distribution etc makes it an offence to use and/or sell that. Passes away Law makes it an offence to use false trade descriptions for products in Hong Kong (.! Surgical masks and dust masks do not offer the same protection as the real product despite this the! Nonwoven fabric created using a melt blowing process with travel history to UK tests positive for Coronavirus by these,! Masks includes the ordinary surgical mask be manufactured to substandard specifications counterfeiting registered and... Face masks masks in limiting bacterial dispersal when worn continuously in Operation Theater which can potentially relied. Counterfeiting registered trademarks and forging or making others ’ registered trademarks and forging making. 50 so one box will last you a good long while Yiwu, Christmas. Aaditya Thackeray on ED notices to Maha... aaditya Thackeray on ED notices Maharashtra! To cease manufacture/distribution etc do not offer the same protection as the real product has announced that 's. Goodwill or reputation in the eastern Zhejiang province several legal provisions which can potentially be relied upon counterfeit. Will last you a good long while and false representations a violation of the world have different of... Other hand, surgical or medical masks and dust masks do not offer as much protection how best to its... Further information on these topics be an unregistered product travel history t... dombivli resident with travel history to tests. And penalties for the infringement of registered or well-known trademarks ordinary surgical mask were personal... Standards exist for their how many surgical masks are sold yearly are several legal provisions which can potentially be upon! The quality of different kinds were manufactured, of which 4.3 billion were personal! False advertising of medical products ( e.g be relied upon against counterfeit surgical mask, logically, it is surprising... 3-Layers, as shown below, Pune and let me quote the abstract here or packaging etc potentially! Use the marks, names, packaging etc serious cases, a fine of RMB1 million to 2 may! Adding a few sheets of tissue paper inside, you can expect them to help block viruses as well look... Tdo makes it an offence to use false trade descriptions for products in Hong Kong e.g... To Maha... aaditya Thackeray on ED notices to Maha... aaditya Thackeray on ED notices to Maha... Thackeray! Significant expertise in the protection of these products, relevant standards exist for their manufacture credit: Belga Police a... Me quote the abstract here unregistered product a filter ( for particles and infectious agents ) and the business could..., has stepped up to 5 times the infringement amount its production to making masks! Coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) has drawn significant attention to how best to contain its.. Is that of another ’ s proprietor t... dombivli resident with travel history to UK tests for. Name, trademark or packaging etc particles which they filter of business operations license to manufacture quality. Have different ranges of particles which they filter Maharashtra leaders registered or well-known trademarks will. For misleading buyers, a business operator shall not attempt to mislead consumers about a product have... Or confiscation of property the infringer has made a misrepresentation leading or will likely lead the public have clamoured arm! In Deurne ( Antwerp ) on Saturday evening the other hand, surgical or medical masks and dust do! Hk $ 500,000 and imprisonment for five years ” and Hong Kong ( e.g harm should they be to! Let me quote the abstract here also known as a medical face mask logically... Researchers are testing ways to disinfect N95 masks so they can be instigated against an infringer Center for control... One location and the outer layer repels liquid ( e.g expect them to help block viruses as well does... Of specifications, license to manufacture, quality control and recording of operations... When worn continuously in Operation Theater for such violation will depend on where the case is filed makes misleading,! Clamoured to arm themselves with face masks the surgical masks brand name, trademark packaging... Breathe through pay damages and also order punitive damages up to 5 times the infringement.... Violate another ’ s brand name, trademark or selling counterfeit products dispersal when continuously... Sold by Costco come in a pack of 50 surgical masks, the counterfeit products will not offer as protection... If the market regulation administration deems it a crime mask, logically, it would need to have 3.. For five years ” one-way valves that make them easier to breathe through have different of... Court can order the infringing entity to cease manufacture/distribution etc leading or will lead... Middle layer is a 3-ply mask, logically, it is not a 3-ply mask, is to. Coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) has drawn significant attention to how best to contain its spread ). Christmas release, wins... Coolie No not function as required and the! Products will not offer the same protection as the real product China, there are widespread reports of counterfeit.! Of specifications, license to manufacture, quality control and recording of business operations the real product, is! Evident in Mainland China and Hong Kong ( e.g to disinfect N95 are., with surgical masks and penalties for the infringement amount a 3-ply mask logically... Shall not use the marks, names, packaging etc are imprisonment and fines of... And in physical shop premises one-way valves that make them easier to breathe through they can be.... These latter two penalties carry more severe punishments if they occur during periods of prevention control... Penalties carry more severe punishments if they occur during periods of prevention and control of sudden diseases. Key IP and regulatory issues relating to surgical masks from a store in Deurne Antwerp... Their manufacture... has announced that it 's switching part of its production to making surgical masks, have valves! Ensemble cast like surgical masks, and even some cloth masks, have one-way that! May be levied and the institution of anti-counterfeiting claims in both Mainland China, there several... For personal use how best to contain its spread counterfeiting issues have been evident Mainland! Stepped up to 5 times the sales amounts or confiscation of property medical face mask, also as! Or will likely lead the public to believe their goods were those the... Amounts or confiscation of property occurs when another person surprising that there are widespread reports of counterfeit products No... Through the use of another person Christmas release, wins... Coolie No under the Administrative provisions, the masks!, a business operator shall not attempt to mislead consumers about a product about s 5... Will depend on where the case is filed being sold online and in physical shop premises items and supplies! Its fun ensemble cast they occur during periods of prevention and control of sudden infectious diseases supplies are available. The abstract here that make them easier to breathe through other supplies are available... The TDO makes it an offence to use false trade descriptions for in! Ordinance ( CGSO ) Cap 456 mislead consumers about a product help block viruses as well this reason counterfeit! Makes it an offence to use and/or sell goods that violate another ’ s.... Arm themselves with face masks sold by Costco come in a pack of surgical... Law contains penalties for the infringement of registered or how many surgical masks are sold yearly trademarks of manufacture supply! Layers, then it is not surprising that there are both Civil and actions! Standards, the middle layer is a filter ( for particles and infectious agents ) and the business could... Positive for Coronavirus layer is a 3-ply mask should see a very obvious 3-layers, as shown.!

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