It was supposed to be nuclear powered and hence was designated as Nuclear Antisubmarine Cruiser. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! In this pic of Kirov we can see the exhaust in this pic, just below the primary radar. Pressured steam came from six license-built Yarrow-Normand type water-tube boilers. The Kirov-class superbattlecruisers were once the largest sea-based warships in the Russian Navy, but since have been rendered the smallest ship with the creation of the Moscow-class Superbattleship. Thus the Iowas were re-activated to match the psychological edge the Kirovs bought with them, however they needed extensive protection, often led their own battle groups if they were not operating with a carrier and her battle group. This was a mobilization class with 7 ships ordered for the first batch, laid down in 1938-40. 1/1800th scale Kirov-class cruiser model. Both were in service during the invasion. These launchers are placed in front of the 20 angled Granit launchers which are themselves placed in front of the bridge. Hence it has the tag of the largest & most heavily armed non carrier major surface combatant in the world. Overall, they presented themselves as a new interpretation of the Kirov and Gorkiy, but with a powerful machinery to carry their 15,000 tons at full load and more generous dimensions (201 x 19,70 meters). They were mated on the same mount, therefore no individual elevation was possible. They were a very peculiar design, being essentially light cruisers with a 7-in artillery. This pic compares the sensors on 3 Kirovs, Top Dome is marked in green, Top Pair in yellow, Top Plate in blue, Top Steer in pink and Flap Lid in black. Depending of the type of ammunition, muzzle velocity varied greatly: 335 m/s (1,100 ft/s) for the HE, up to 880 m/s (2,900 ft/s) for the OT-133 Fragmentation-traced type. Since speed was everything at that time, the Italians focused on it, and promised a 7200 tons cruiser armed at first with three twin turrets with the Russian intermediary caliber of 180 mm (7.1 in). It is also possible that the sanctions can be lifted and the dream of all 4 Kirovs back in service can be realised. I have had good results with 150% (1/1200) and 75% (1/2400). Both flanks were closed by a waterline belt. The number of modules of either Redut or the Redut-M which can be fitted in place of existing S300F cells is also going to be more than what the Kirovs presently sport thus improving their self defense and area defense capabilities. Indeed, the Kirov burned .8 kg (1.8 lb) of fuel oil per hp, versus Kalinin’s 623 kg (1.37 lb) and the end result was 113,500 shaft horsepower (84,600 kW) on trials versus 122,500 shp (91,300 kW). Primary air defense is provided by S300F missile launchers, placed in 12 launchers which feature 8 cells each. The ship is pretty heavy too, displacing close to 27,000 tonnes with a full load. These Heinkel K-12 catapults were purchased in 1937 and could traverse 360Â°. This model is designed and tested at 1/1800th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. The steering gear was armored box was increased to 30 mm (1.2 in). Secondary armament The secondary armament comprised six 100-millimetre (3.9 in)/56 B-34 anti-aircraft guns in single mounts under masks. Pyotr Velikiy carries some S-300FM missiles and is the only ship in the Russian Navy capable of ballistic missile defence. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. This missile was the apex of Soviet missile technology, following the ideology that a million dollar missile can sink a billion dollar carrier. Here is Peter the Great sailing alongside HMS Dragon D35. Blue Water Navy Poder Naval Navy Coast Guard Soviet Navy Marine Engineering Navy Day Us Navy Ships Navy Military Boat Stuff. Like all commanders, he had to manage a growing fleet, maintain existing vessels while finding replacements for older ones. The Soviet Navy did not existed in 1922 and never was admitted to the Washington naval conference. What is common b/w INS Kolkata, HMS Daring, RNNS Nansen?? The goal of this site is two fold. In fact the Kirov’s catapults were landed to carry more AA guns. This was on paper, after strengthening the hull and adding hundreds of tons, it sank below it. Despite her small displacement, she is equipped with powerful long-range main guns and has good speed. The idea was to have a bit more range and hitting power than the classic 6-in while being a bit faster than the harder-hitting 8-in. They sport Tor and Osa launchers for short range protection. The cruiser Kalinin, camouflaged in 1945 (wikimedia cc). For ASW protection, a double bottom extended longer than the belt, with armored traverse bulkheads and a fine longitudinal bulkhead which stopped flooding but this by no means prevented serious torpedo damage. For eg Kirov and Frunze have Ak-630 between the Granit launchers and the side rails, whereas others sport Kashtan CIWS in the same place. Only the first five were launched in 1940-41. On Kalini and Peter the Great, the Top Steer is replaced by the newer Top Plate radar, which finds extensive use on many vessels like the Type 54A, and Talwar class of frigates. Comments In fact they were closer to a light cruiser in this area. Molotov was in the same position by 1942. It still served until the 60s. This is surely the best sensor suite ever put up on a naval surface combatant to ever enter service during the cold war. The silhouette of Kirov roughly resembles that of Yamato, do check it out. A development of Rheinmetall German 3.7 cm (1.5 in) sold before Hitler arrive to power in 1933, they were an adapted sub-version of the antitank 53-K. She was completed and launched on 26th of December 1977 and commissioned on 30th of December 1980. They served until the end of the 1960s alongside the following Sverdlov class, the last Soviet conventional cruisers, in service until the 1990s for some. In 1944 all four had received additional 37 mm guns for 10 in all, and four ASW mortars. Another vessel was designed around the Kirov’s hull and the powerplant, it was named as Ural. This odd concept derived from the experimental artillery made for the previous Krazny Kavkaz, in single turrets, made to answer early 1930s IJN cruisers in the Pacific. The need for a new vessel was realized in the late 1960s itself. When ripple fired, the missiles could work as a team, with one lighting up its radar and others using the data for designating their own targets. Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). The gun complete with its pedestal, weighed 507 kg (1,118 lb). The Russian Kirov Class Heavy Missile Cruise Ship are the world's largest 'cruisers' and might best be termed "battle cruisers". Or an Extra Yasen Class Submarine. Following the German attack on the Soviet Union in June 1941, the ship was based at Ust-Dvinsk near Riga and covered minelaying activities by destroyers in the Irben Straits. Their Light AA artillery consisted of six semi-automatic 45 mm/46 (1.7 in) 21-K AA guns. Apart from the three Svetlana rebuilt in the years 25-30, they were brand new. Several combat vessels of various tonnage and roles were under construction. Their 45 mm AA artillery received two additional mounts. And they were of Italian design. Your email address will not be published. Quite Italian-looking in their design, the Kirov and Voroshilov however had another singularity, their square prow. Both cruisers were completed in 1938 (Kirov) and 1940 (Voroshilov), and their AA armament strengthened during the war, before 1944 ten 37 mm mounts were added, replacing the slowed 45 mm batteries. Three series of ships pairs were built with gradual improvements, a bit like the Italian Condotierri class. Since it uses dual propulsion, the exhaust for its boilers is provided on the back side of its primary mast. Epsilon, are the Virginia class nuclear powered cruisers comparable to the Kirovs? Kirov class cruisers had armor 50-150mm. Three more vessels of this class were built and named Frunze, Kalini and Yuriy Andropov. In the end the arrangement only allows the ship to stay afloat, but listing by some measure. The three electrically powered 236-247 tonnes MK-3-180 triple turrets housed three 57-calibre 180 mm B-1-P guns. It sports cells for P-700, S300F, Osa, Silex etc and RBU ASW rocket launchers. – Battle Machines. They sport a very large superstructure slightly towards the later half of the hull, with the frontal section dedicated to armament. Endurance was 2,140 nm (Kirov) to 4,220 nautical miles and 4,860 mi at 18 knots. It is speculated that she would receive UKSK universal VLS, around 64 modules could be fitted instead of the Granits, thus greatly increasing the firepower at the cost of a massive reduction in the maximum effective range at which the vessel can destroy targets. All of them were renamed to Admiral Ushakov, Admiral Lazarev, Admiral Nakhimov and Peter the Great respectively. They were the primary command and control vessels of the Soviet navy. The ship requires a crew of over 700 to run it at peak efficiency. Vann7 wrote:IMO if the Kirov class will not have at least S-400s.. with decent range defenses , they should not bother with it.. and save the money..for a brand new state of the art destroyer or 2-3 new Gorhkov Frigates. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Orlan-class cruisers of project 1144 are a symbol of the Soviet Navy and a good example of protracted design and specification of technical projects. https://ww2db.com/ship_spec.php?ship_id=515 http://navsource.narod.ru/photos/02/066/index.html http://wio.ru/fleet/ww2cruiser.htm https://www.world-war.co.uk/russia/kirov.php3 3d view (WT) laststandonzombieisland.com more about the Kalinin, Your email address will not be published. The Gorkiy was completed in Ordonikidze Yard in November 1940 and the Molotov in June 1941. Although Kara class cruisers were seen as a potent replacement, but their 9000 tonne bulk and limited command and control facilities meant that they were neither good sub chasers nor good command and control vessels. The Project 26bis ships (Gorkiy class) carried the same turrets with with improved 21-K mounts. She survived the war, withdrawn from active service in 1958. The large size of the propulsion plant also increased complexity and thus cost of the vessel. The lead ship, Kirov had reportedly suffered a reactor accident and is contaminated in some areas. This second class was closely modelled after the previous Kirov. The sheer size of the ships mean that they have plenty of space for a command, control and communications (C³) outfit, and could serve as effective fleet flagships. The World War II Database is founded and managed by C. Peter Chen of Lava Development, LLC. A name made even more famous at the peak of the cold war in the 1980s with the arrival of a class of giant missile battlecruisers. At least the design of the next four ships included additional armor. 2 months ago. The first cruisers to bear the name were not only the first Soviet ‘heavy’ cruisers, but also the first designed on a fresh base, contrary to the previous Kavkaz and Chervona Ukrainia completed in the interwar but based on pre-war Russian designs of the Svetlana class. A name made even more famous at the peak of the cold war in the 1980s with the arrival of a class of giant missile battlecruisers. The Russian Northern Fleet’s missile cruiser Pyotr Veliky (Kirov-class) on its way to St. Petersburg. The turret designer afterwards claimed it was even possible to fit three barrels instead of two, although solidarity. During the 1970s, the Soviet navy was undergoing massive expansion, aimed at countering the US-NATO naval might. The initial hull as planned was very light (7000 tons empty). She would survive the war and be disarmed in 1972. AA armament Provision was 600 rounds per gun of all types, including the BR-240 AP, and light HE F-73. The Kirov was sent to Finland in 1939, carrying out coastal bombing, before joining Tallinn for his defense after the German invasion of June 1941, then returned to the defense of Leningrad, bombed by the Luftwaffe and badly damaged, then again beginning 1942, he was repaired and resumed service at the end of 1943, supporting the Leningrad winter counter-offensive in 1944. Sadly we never had a chance of seeing these iconic naval vessels along side or close to each other, I would be happy to be proven wrong in this case. They entrusted the Italians, who at the time enjoyed a certain technical and design prestige compounded by many export successes. With the sanctions in place at the time this article was being written, it is possible that only Admiral Nakhimov might be upgraded, that to a limited one instead of the ambitious upgrade we spoke about in the above paragraph. Later, the second serie Gorky and Molotov had Soviet-built ZK-1 catapults; but no plane was ever fitted to them, the all four ships stayed without plan provision. Crew POW. Each received a provision of 325 rounds per gun. Kashtan and Ak-630 are used for point defense. Radars made these all obsolete. After giving a serious thought, the concepts were combined under the existing tag of 1144. Voroshilov reach a full knot more on trials but designed top speed was 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph). Overall Project 26 design was faithful to the Italian ‘tin-clad’ armor of the time and the ship was vulnerable down to under 10 km (6.2 mi) to destroyer shells. Honestly, Sverdlov class cruisers would be more usefull as they would still be an advanced ships (although not as nearly ROFL stompy as Kirov), but one that Soviets could actually maintain. By the outbreak of the Third World War, the world found itself strapped for supplies. laststandonzombieisland.com more about the Kalinin, Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928), South Korea unveils initiative to promote eco-friendly ship technologies, Hybrid upgrades to give vessels more attractive environmental profiles, USCGâs 9th national security cutter sails away from shipyard, Taiwan launches improved âcarrier killerâ corvette, commissions new minelayer, Â¿CuÃ¡l fue la misiÃ³n secreta del buque San Jacinto en Cabo Verde? In the end the engine compartment was horribly cramped. The Kirov design reminds me of WW2 battleships and cruisers. My understanding is that although she is pretty much the size of a WW2 era battleship, she was classified as a cruiser to satisfy international treaties for ships passing through the Bosporus. The Kirov class's main weapons are 20 P-700 Granit (SS-N-19 Shipwreck) missiles mounted in deck, designed to engage large surface targets. These TB-7 geared turbines proved to be more fuel-efficient and with more raw power than the originals. It should be noted that USSR also had the heavy cruiser Tallin in service by 1943, a former German heavy cruiser of the Hipper class, LÃ¼tzow. The name was used for the Soviet aircraft carrying cruiser presently in service. Since the model is optimized for 1/1800th scale, it is not ideal to print larger versions due to a lack of detail. On board aviation Author’s illustration of the Beriev-2 KOR-I. The steam propulsion includes 2 boilers, also driving a pair of turbines which turns the shafts. Commissioned before or during the war, they saw heavy action and were scrapped in the 1960s and 70s. She was officially designated as a communications relay and electronic warfare ship but in reality she could do a wide variety of tasks. Thus only 4 were completed before USSR ceased to exist and only 1 remains in service. Her Granit battery has been removed in the pic posted below as part of the refit. For STARTERS… only ONE of the four commissioned Kirov-class ships is operational currently.. One is undergoing a refit and the remaining two are laid up and scheduled to be scrapped. A fifth vessel named Admiral Kunetsov was laid down but scrapped on the ways due to the collapse of the Soviet Union. Modern ‘stealthy’ designs, such as HMS Dragon, a British destroyer pictured in the article, are very plain and in my mind not so attractive. The entire cradle elevated to 48Â° and depressed to -5Â°. The lead vessel ie Kirov also has a pair of SS-N-14 ie Silex ASW missile launchers on the bow, the rest feature Tor SR-SAM in its place. These systems can be used independently for cruise at speeds around 15-20kn or together for high speed ops over 30kn. Optimal working temperature was 325 Â°C (617 Â°F). The Maxim Gorkiy repaired in Kronstadt (cc). The last Kirov sports an upgraded variant, designated S300FM with a max engagement range of 200km. Post stamp showing the Kirov in 1953 (cc), The Kirov in the 1970s (unknown src – imgurl), Kirov class general appearance in 1941, author’s illustration. 1/1800th scale Kirov class cruiser model. They were placed abaft the rear turret, a well open space. Kirov class. Note: The Gorky class will be the object of a dedicated post in the future. The 50 mm belt measured 121 m (397 feet) – about 64.5% length- by 3.4 m in height (11 ft 2 in) less than half of which was below the waterline. The voroshilov participated in various coastal bombing missions after June 1941, was badly damaged in October by bombers, was sent to Poti for repairs, and left in February 1942 to support the winter counter-offensive. The first modern interwar cruisers built in USSR were the Kirov class. They were followed by Kaganovich (June 1944) and Kalinin (1943), started both in 1939 at Komsomolsk. One thing is pretty sure, we will see atleast two Kirovs in service for some time to come. The number of Granits on 1144 was deemed enough by the Soviets to take out an entire CBG. Kirov (Russian: Киров) was a Project 26 Kirov -class cruiser of the Soviet Navy that served during the Winter War, World War II and into the Cold War. Repaired with the bow from the suspended Frunze, she resumed service at the end of 1944. There rumors that Russia plans of reintroducing all 4 of them into service but this has however been changed several times. It would have been a much larger vessel compared to the Project 1144. Thus a total of 96 cells for S300 missiles can be carried. However the 3rd vessel, ie Kalini, presently named Admiral Nakhimov has entered refit and will return to service. For protection, they were compartments of alternating boiler rooms and engine rooms. Three series of ships pairs were built with gradual improvements, a bit like the Italian Condotierri class. Elevation reached 85Â° and depression -10Â°. They were withdrawn from service in the 1960s. Thus the enemy would think that there was just 1 missile coming towards them while the rest were flying lower without being detected. The Kirovs carried two aircraft, but with imported German catapults. A pair of KN-3 pressurized water reactors power the vessel through 2 steam turbines which drive two shafts. Kirov, the lead vessel of the class was laid down at the Leningrad shipyard on 27th of March 1974. This new vessel would be designated Project 1144, and have a displacement close to 9000 tonnes with an armament of P-120 missiles for surface warfare and S300 for taking out aerial targets. Kirov class Battlecrusier ISOT to WW2. Kirov can run at top speed for only a certain amount of time and is dependent on regular fuel for it. They received extensive refits, including new weapons like Harpoons and Tomahawks which supplemented the legacy 16inch guns she was designed with. This is a unique system with its own limitations. Ural seen during her glorious days. The deck edge was also tapered down to 25 mm. 19/Sept/1941 He-111 bomber damaged most likely by Kirov… This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. SR Shell weighting 1.065â2.14 kg (2.35â4.72 lb). Required fields are marked *. Granit was one of the first smart weapons. Kirov — Soviet promo premium Tier V cruiser. Rate of fire was 25-30 rpm (practical) with and effective range of 6,000 m (20,000 ft) (ceiling) and maximum firing range of 9,200 metres (10,100 yd) at 45Â°. That was hardly the selling point of the design: The weak Kirov’s scheme formed a boxed ‘raft’ around the vitals. Thus a new, much larger vessel was desired and the development of Kirov class was started. As a result, with a lack of competent engineers and experience, while Soviet industry was not capable of designing such a large and complex vessel, foreign assistance was sought out. Naval Forces & Industry news Naval and Maritime Exhibitions News Focus - Analysis - Photo report Naval Forces Vessels & Equipmen... Data is revolutionizing the maritime industry, Sailors hear tale of gallantry at airport, Indian Navy deploys warhsips, divers to find missing pilot, CNO Asks Fleet for Moment of Silence in Honor of USS Indianapolis 75th Anniversary, PHOTO GALLERY #35: Bizhou, frigate of the People's Liberation Army Navy. The vessel has two masts, sporting 2 different 3D scan radars, whereas the stern has a large helo deck which can support 3 helicopters. So Soviet Russia was never tied to the treaty’s restrictive clauses. Stavěny byly v letech 1935–1944. The shaft drove each a three-bladed 4.7-metre (15 ft) bronze propeller. ASW is done by RBU series weapons and torpedo launchers. The Kirov can carry 3 Ka-27 ASW helicopters each capable of carrying 2 torpedoes. All of them were renamed to Admiral Ushakov, Admiral Lazarev, Admiral Nakhimov and Peter the Great respectively. It is great to see Peter The Great still sailing the seas. Primary armament is formed by 20 P-700 Granit AShM, which can have both nuclear and conventional warheads. Mean while, Peter the Great soldiers on as the most powerful non-carrier naval vessel afloat. The end result was the blast affected their accuracy terribly. Molotov was defending the Black Sea. The sheer kinetic energy it generates at Mach 3 can penetrate even the toughest of the ships. Air defense is provided by twelve octuple S-300F launchers with 96 missiles and a pair of Osa-MA batteries with 20 missiles each. This armament varied with wartime upgrades and additions. Required fields are marked *. The 1144 design would end up displacing over 27,000 tonnes with full load. The Kirov Class provides the capability to engage large surface ships and to defend the fleet against air and submarine attack. They were to be of the same appearance as Prinz Eugen. He remained in service until 1976-77 as a training ship. Your email address will not be published. However in April German rail artillery and field artillery added their weight to the Luftwaffe, and the cruiser underwent a real hell in April. By 1942 she still had not been completed and the Germans attacked and sunk her in Leningrad. Excellent article. 2 Parsons turbines, 6 Yarrow-Normand boilers, 113,000 hp. The Kirov in 1939 – src wowsp-wows-na.wgcdn.co. USS Iowa unleashing her 16inch main guns. The tertiary armament comprised four DK 12.7-millimetre (0.50 in) machine guns, with 12,500 rounds per gun. The Russian heavy missile cruise ship, Project 1144.2 Kirov Class was built by the Baltic Shipyard in Saint Petersburg. Like Italian cruisers this was a simple twin-shaft-unit machinery layout. (Credits-On the pic). They provided plans of their latest design, the Raimondo Montecuccoli-class cruisers to be studied. USS Zumwalt: From Being the Best to Barely Practical. These two ships served during the war and survived. Flying very low and at speeds over Mach 3 in the terminal phase made intercepting them with 1970s tech nearly impossible. The final vessel is more commonly known as Peter the Great, but we have chosen to use the original names of the other 3 to avoid confusion. ww2dbase In 1933, the Soviet Union began the Second Five-Year Plan program which aimed to bolster the Soviet Navy. As Ural, kirov class ww2 sports Kashtan in its place, in Kharkiv kit.... Still served a very peculiar design, being essentially light cruisers with a of. Lead vessel of the article 's subject mm thick the rear turret, a open! A naval surface combatant in the Pacific fleet kirov class ww2 but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible would have been through of... See the exhaust for its boilers is provided by twelve octuple S-300F launchers 96. 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